Research and Analysis on the DPRK Leadership
The Korean Workers’ Party [KWP] Central Committee held its plenary meeting (plenum) at the KWP Central Committee #1 Office Building on 31 March (Sunday) in Pyongyang**, attended by Kim Jong Un (Kim Cho’ng-u’n). KJU’s last reported public appearance was a visit to the Ku’msusan Memorial Palace of the Sun earlier in the day. There were several personnel changes made during the meeting. The entire KWP Central Committee membership and alternates were “recalled” and replaced, along with that of the KWP Central Auditing Commission [CAC]. The KWP Political Bureau was equally “recalled” with one member and three alternates added (see the KCNA report below).
Based on images released by DPRK state media, platform (rostrum) members at the KWP Central Committee were: Kim Yong Nam (SPA Presidium President), Choe Yong Rim (DPRK Cabinet Premier), VMar Choe Ryong Hae (Director of the Korean People’s Army [KPA] General Political Department), Jang Song Taek (Vice Chairman of the DPRK National Defense Commission [NDC]), Kim Kyong Hui (KWP Secretary and Department Director, and sister of late leader Kim Jong Il), Pak To Chun (KWP Secretary), Gen. Hyon Yong Chol (Chief of the KPA General Staff), Kim Ki Nam (KWP Secretary), Choe Tae Bok (KWP Secretary), VMar Kim Yong Chun (Vice Chairman of the NDC), VMar Ri Yong Mu (Vice Chairman of the NDC), Yang Hyong Sop (Vice President of the SPA Presidium), Kang Sok Ju (DPRK Cabinet Vice Premier) and Gen. Kim Won Hong (Minister of State Security).
Kim Jong Un delivered a speech (you can read the full speech and report here) at the beginning of the Party Central Committee’s meeting. According to Kyodo News, Kim Jong Un “vowed to upgrade the nation’s nuclear arsenal “qualitatively and quantitatively,” and said North Korea will conduct more satellite launches, which other countries suspect are covert tests of banned ballistic missile technology” and said “Nuclear armed forces represent the nation’s life, which can never be abandoned as long as the imperialists and nuclear threats exist on earth.” According to Xinhua English, “Kim Jong Un said on Sunday the country has adopted a new strategy of carrying out economic construction and building nuclear armed forces simultaneously.” KJU also said that “the self-reliant nuclear power industry should be developed and the work for developing a light water reactor be dynamically promoted to actively contribute to easing the strain on the electricity problem of the country.”
According to the Associated Press, the statement issued after the KWP Central Committee meeting “also called for strengthening the moribund economy, which Kim has put an emphasis on in his public statements since taking power after the death of his father, Kim Jong Il, in late 2011” and “called for diversified foreign trade and investment, and a focus on agriculture, light industry and a ‘self-reliant nuclear power industry,’ including a light water reactor. There was also a call for “the development of space science and technology,” including more satellite launches.”
KCNA reports on the KWP Central Committee’s proceedings, which included the removal and replacement of the entire Central Auditing Commission, the replacement of one member to the KWP Political Bureau by Pak Pong Ju, the replacement of three KWP Political Bureau alternates (candidate members) by Gen. Hyon Yong Chol, Gen. Kim Kyok Sik and Gen. Choe Pu Il, and the replacement of the director of the KWP Light Industry Department and the replacement of the editor of the KWP daily newspaper:
Pyongyang – The historic March, 2013 plenary meeting of the C.C. of the Workers’ Party of Korea took place at the building of the WPK C.C., supreme staff of the Korean revolution, on Sunday.
First Secretary of the WPK Kim Jong Un guided the meeting.
Present at the meeting were members and alternate members of the WPK C.C. [Central Committee] and members of the Central Auditing Commission of the WPK.
Present there as observers were senior officials of ministries, national institutions, provincial, city and county committees of the WPK, complexes, major munitions factories and enterprises.
The participants paid silent tribute to President Kim Il Sung and leader Kim Jong Il.
Taken up for discussion at the meeting were the following agenda items “1. On tasks of our Party on bringing about a decisive turn in accomplishing revolutionary cause of juche as required by the present situation and the developing revolution”, “2. On personnel affairs issue to be submitted to the 7th Session of the 12th Supreme People’s Assembly” and “3. On organizational matter”.
Kim Jong Un made a report and concluding speech on the first agenda item.
The plenary meeting set forth a new strategic line on carrying out economic construction and building nuclear armed forces simultaneously under the prevailing situation and to meet the legitimate requirement of the developing revolution.
This line is a brilliant succession and development onto a new higher stage of the original line of simultaneously developing economy and national defence that was set forth and had been fully embodied by the great Generalissimos.
It was stressed at the meeting that the party’s new line is not a temporary countermeasure for coping with the rapidly changing situation but a strategic line to be always held fast to, in the supreme interests of the Korean revolution.
The nuclear weapons of songun [military-first] Korea are not goods for getting U.S. dollars and they are neither a political bargaining chip nor a thing for economic dealings to be presented to the place of dialogue or be put on the table of negotiations aimed at forcing the DPRK to disarm itself.
The DPRK’s nuclear armed forces represent the nation’s life which can never be abandoned as long as the imperialists and nuclear threats exist on earth.
They are a treasure of a reunified country which can never be traded with billions of dollars.
Only when the nuclear shield for self-defence is held fast, will it be possible to shatter the U.S. imperialists’ ambition for annexing the Korean Peninsula by force and making the Korean people modern slaves, firmly defend our ideology, social system and all other socialist treasures won at the cost of blood and safeguard the nation’s right to existence and its time-honored history and brilliant culture.
When the party’s new line is thoroughly carried out, the DPRK will emerge as a great political, military and socialist economic power and a highly-civilized country which steers the era of independence.
The meeting set forth tasks for carrying out the new line and ways for doing so.
All the officials, party members and other people should wage bold offensive and all-people decisive battle with faith in sure victory and strong determination and thus make the flame of miracle and innovation sweep all fields of national economy.
The pilot fields of the national economy, the basic industrial fields should be drastically developed and production be increased to the maximum.
Forces should be directed to agriculture and light industry, key fields in building an economic power to improve and put on a stable basis the people’s l iving standard at the earliest possible date.
The self-reliant nuclear power industry should be developed and the work for developing light water reactor be dynamically promoted to actively contribute to easing the strain on the electricity problem of the country.
Spurs should be given to the development of space science and technology and more advanced satellites including communications satellites be developed and launched.
The country’s economy should be shifted into knowledge-based economy and the foreign trade be made multilateral and diversified and investment be widely introduced.
The economic guidance shall be fundamentally improved as required by the new situation and Korean-style advantageous economic management methods be completed by embodying the juche idea.
The DPRK’s possession of nukes should be fixed by law and the nuclear armed forces should be expanded and beefed up qualitatively and quantitatively until the denuclearization of the world is realized.
The People’s Army should perfect the war method and operation in the direction of raising the pivotal role of the nuclear armed forces in all aspects concerning the war deterrence and the war strategy, and the nuclear armed forces should always round off the combat posture.
As a responsible nuclear weapons state, the DPRK will make positive efforts to prevent the nuclear proliferation, ensure peace and security in Asia and the rest of the world and realize the denuclearization of the world.
Institutions in charge of security and safeguard, judicial and prosecution and people’s security and the Korean People’s Internal Security Forces should resolutely foil the vicious moves of the imperialist reactionaries and class enemies, devotedly defend the party, social system and people and surely guarantee the new line of the party with arms and by law.
The party and working people’s organizations and power bodies should increase their militant function and role in every way in the struggle for implementing the party’s line.
The meeting entrusted the Presidium of the SPA and the Cabinet with the matters of taking legal, administrative and technical measures for implementing the tasks.
At the meeting a decision on the first agenda item “On carrying out economic construction and building nuclear armed forces simultaneously and thus bringing earlier the final victory in the cause of building a thriving socialist nation” was adopted with unanimous approval.
The second agenda item, personal affairs issue to be submitted to the 7th Session of the 12th SPA, was discussed and decided at the meeting.
The meeting also dealt with an organizational matter, its third agenda item.
Members of the Presidium of the Political Bureau of the WPK Central Committee, members and alternate members of the Political Bureau were recalled and new ones were elected to fill vacancies.
Pak Pong Ju was elected to fill a vacancy of a member of the Political Bureau of the WPK C.C..
Hyon Yong Chol, Kim Kyok Sik and Choe Pu Il were elected to fill vacancies of alternate members of the Political Bureau of the WPK C.C..
Members and alternate members of the WPK C.C. were recalled and new ones were elected to fill vacancies.
Upon authorization of Kim Jong Un, Paek Kye Ryong was appointed as director of the Light Industrial Department of the WPK C.C. and Yun U Chol as editor-in-chief of Rodong Sinmun, organ of the WPK C.C..
Members of the Central Auditing Commission of the WPK were also recalled and new ones were elected to fill vacancies.