Research and Analysis on the DPRK Leadership
On 8 January 2014, foot and mouth disease [FMD] strain O was discovered at the Pyongyang Pig Factory in Tokdong-ri, Sadong District (Sadong-guyo’k), Pyongyang. According to a report submitted by the DPRK to the World Organization for Animal Health [OIE] on 19 February 2014, the FMD outbreak has spread to 17 other farms located in Sadong District, Ryo’kp’o District (Ryo’kp’o-guyo’k), Rangnang District (Rangnang-guyo’k), Sunan District (Sunan-guyo’k) in Pyongyang and in Chunghwa County (Chunghwa-gun) and Kangnam County (Kangnam-gun) in North Hwanghae Province.** During the current outbreak of FMD in the DPRK, 3,280 pigs have been infected with 369 pigs dying from FMD and 2,911 pigs slaughtered which, according to KCNA, caused “lots of economic damage.” A public health emergency has been declared and the DPRK Ministry of Agriculture formed a National Veterinary Emergency Control Committee. According to KCNA, “infected areas are quarantined and disinfected, the diseased pigs are treated and the dead ones are buried” and ” the disease continues spreading due to the shortages of FMD vaccines, diagnostic means and disinfection medicines.” On 20 February the ROK Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Rural Affairs announced that it was taking precautions to prevent the spread of FMD from north to south.
The last reported outbreak of FMD in the DPRK occurred between December 2010 and April 2011 which infected almost 300 pigs and cattle. The 2011 outbreak began in Rihyon-ri, Sadong District, which is where the current (2014) FMD outbreak originated.
**From 1963 to 2010 Chunghwa and Kangnam Counties were administrative districts of Pyongyang. In 2010 they were added to North Hwanghae Province.