Research and Analysis on the DPRK Leadership
Pak Nam Gi is the former department director of the CC KWP Planning and Finance Department, a former member of the Party Central Committee and a past chairman of the State Planning Commission. Pak earned a degree of notoriety when he was dismissed from his central party director’s position in early 2010. Some Pyongyang watchers contend that Pak was held responsible by Kim Jong Il for implementation of certain economic policies and publicly executed. Pak Nam Gi was a technocrat and held a number of economic management positions in the party and government.
Pak Nam Gi was born in 1928 in South Hwanghae. He studied at Kim Chaek University and in St. Petersburg and Prague. He began his career as a section chief in the party’s Commercial Planning and Finance Department in 1958. In 1963 he became a deputy director at the Central Statistics Bureau. He returned to the party Planning and Finance Department in 1969 where he worked as deputy director.
In 1972 Pak was appointed Vice Minister of Metal Industry, but was about a year leader became a bureau director-general (for design) in the Ministry of Construction and Building Materials Industries. In 1976 Pak was appointed Vice Chairman of the State Planning Commission, where he devised part of the 2nd Seven Year Economic Plan.
In the early 1980s Pak began working as a director in the Second Economic Committee. In 1984 he was elected to full membership in the Party Central Committee (CC KWP) and CC KWP Secretary of Economic Affairs. In 1986 he was elected a deputy to the 8th Supreme People’s Assembly (SPA) and a member of its Budget Committee. He was also appointed Chairman of the State Planning Commission. He served briefly in the position before he was removed reassigned as a deputy director in the former party heavy industry department.
Pak was appointed Chairman of the Pyongyang City Administration and Economic Committee in 1993. He was removed from this position in 1996 and did not hold any official position until he was appointed Chairman of the North Hwanghae Provincial Planning Commission in 1997. At the 1st plenum of the 10th SPA in 1998 Pak was appointed Chairman of the State Planning Commission, a position he held until 2003.
In 2005 Pak was appointed department director of the CC KWP Planning and Finance Department. Pak was responsible for coordinating economic reporting to the central party (and KJI) and providing guidance and financial oversight between party and Cabinet departments and SOEs. Pak presided over a significant restructuring of the party which included the transfer or layoff of numerous central party employees. Pak regularly attended guidance tours with Kim Jong Il from 2005 to 2009.
Pak’s final reported appearance in Kim Jong Il’s entourage was to the Huichon Power Station in January 2010. Pak’s final appearance in the DPRK media was his attendance at a rally in February 2010. There are conflicting accounts about the circumstances of Pak’s removal. Several reports allege that he was publicly executed, along side either a deputy State Planning Commissioner or deputy director of OGD. There are other accounts that say Pak was dismissed from his positions and relocated out of Pyongyang.
Pak Nam Gi did not retain his CC KWP membership, as his name does not appear on the membership lists published by KCNA in September 2010. Pak was highly skilled in mathematics and tutored several current DPRK elites, including Kim Kyong Hui, in the 1960s.
Pak Nam Gi
Former Director, CC KWP Planning and Finance Department
Former Member, Party Central Committee (CC KWP)
1958: Section Chief, CC KWP Planning and Finance Department
1963: Deputy Director, Central Statistics Bureau, State Planning Commission
1969: Deputy Director, CC KWP Planning and Finance Department
1972: Vice Minister, Metal Industry
1976: Vice Chairman, State Planning Commission
1982 (ca): Deputy Director, 2nd Economic Committee
1984: Elected, Member, CC KWP
Elected, CC KWP Secretary of Economic Affairs, Secretariat
1985: Awarded, Order of Kim il Sung
1985: Elected, Member, CC KWP Economic Policy Inspection Committee
1986: Deputy, 8th SPA
Member, Budget Committee, 8th SPA
Appointed, Chairman, State Planning Commission
1988: Deputy Director, CC KWP Heavy Industry Department
1990: Deputy, 9th SPA
Chairman, Budget Committee, 9th SPA
1992: Awarded Special Citation
1993: Chairman, Pyongyang Administrative and Economic Committee
Removed as Chairman, SPA Budget Committee
1994: Member, Kim Il Sung Funeral Committee
1995: Member, O Jin U Funeral Committee
1996: Dismissed as Chairman, Pyongyang City Administrative and Economic Committee
1997: Chairman, North Hwanghae Provincial Planning Commission
1998: Deputy, 10th SPA
1998: Chairman, State Planning Commission
2003: Deputy, 11th SPA
Chairman, Budget Committee, 11th SPA
Interim CC KWP Secretary of Economic Affairs
2005: Director, CC KWP Finance and Planning Department
2009: Deputy, 12th SPA
Chairman, Budget Committee, 12th SPA
2010: Removed from offices (presumed)
Chong, Bong-uk (editor). A Handbook on North Korea (Seoul: Naewoe Press, November 1998) p. 84-5
“Narrative Biographies of DPRK Figures,” Seoul SINDONG-A, January 1995, pp 210-278